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  • Airborne surveys (high density)
  • Modelling and interpretation
  • Ground surveys (all techniques)
  • Determination of physical properties
  • Palaeomagnetic measurements
  • Reconstruction of old data
  • Groundwater exploration (borehole siting)
  • Groundwater pollution plume mapping


  • Seismic-hazard assessment
  • Seismic-risk assessment
  • Seismological research into safety at mines
  • Operation of the South African National Seismograph Network (SANSN)
  • Participation in the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty


  • Regional geochemical mapping on a sampling-density grid of one soil (or stream-sediment) sample per km2. Samples are analysed on a Simultaneous X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (SXRF) for As, Ba, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe2O3T %, MnO %, Nb, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sn, Sr, TiO2 %, Th, U, V, W, Y, Zn and Zr.
  • Regional geochemical trends are mapped.
  • Small- to medium-sized outcropping ore bodies are identified.

Minerals Development

  • Mapping and sampling of ore deposits
  • Mineralogical and physical characterisation
  • Mineral-commodity reports and maps for specific purposes
  • Assistance to small-scale miners
  • Industrial minerals
  • Maintenance of the COREDATA and COAL databases
  • Maintenance of the SAMINDABA mineral-deposits database

Engineering Geosciences

  • Engineering-geological and geotechnical expertise
  • Engineering-geological site investigations aimed at dams and dam safety, tunnels, pump stations and reservoirs
  • Construction-material investigations
  • Slope-stability investigations
  • Structure or Urban Development plans
  • Engineering-geological Database (ENGEODE)
  • Regional engineering-geological mapping
  • Research, focusing on understanding the dolomitic environment and its stability

Water Geoscience

  • Planning and assessment of rural water-supply systems
  • Groundwater resource assessments (quantification, flow determination and water quality studies)
  • Groundwater sustainability studies for both resources and water supply schemes
  • Management of groundwater resources, including exploration
  • Groundwater- and contaminant-transport modelling
  • Management of groundwater contamination (e.g. impact of mining, as well as of waste and sanitation facilities)
  • Hydrogeological mapping
  • Environmental Management Programme Reports (EMPRs)
  • Specialist environmental drilling services (direct push methods, as well as gas and water sampling)

Environmental Geoscience

  • Environmental investigations
  • Environmental Impact Assessments
  • Mine Environmental Management Plans
  • Pollution investigations
  • Risk assessment
  • Laboratory Services
  • Batch and Kinetic leach testing

Marine Geoscience

  • Marine geophysical surveying
  • Near-shore and continental-shelf mapping
  • Resource surveys of heavy minerals, marine placer diamonds, potash and phosphate
  • Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs)
  • Marine geoscience database
  • Wreck surveys
  • Marine engineering-site surveys
  • Coastal- and estuarine-sediment dynamics
  • Scientific diving surveys

Other services include:

  • Regional geological mapping at various scales for national and international clients
  • Site-specific geological mapping assisting Applied Geosciences
  • Sedimentological studies and basin analysis
  • Soil and palaeosol classification and mapping
  • Structural, metamorphic and igneous investigations in complex metamorphic terranes
  • Compiling national and international thematic maps
  • Petrographic investigations
  • Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis
  • Geohydrology and groundwater investigations at catchment scale
  • Coastal Geology and recent geological changes
  • Mineral assessment and development and metallogenic mapping
  • Sedimentology of estuarine and coastal environments
  • Palaeoseismic investigations for critical facilities
  • Regional structural analysis of intensely deformed terranes
  • Structural assessment of groundwater aquifers
  • Petrology of high-grade metamorphic and igneous rocks
  • Thermobarometry of metamorphic terranes
  • Metallogenesis of ore deposits using petrographic and geochemical analysis
  • Regolith characterisation and mapping for infrastructure development and mineral exploration
  • Landslide and mass movement susceptibility mapping
  • Engineering-geological mapping and site investigations
  • Development-potential geotechnical assessment and mapping
  • Cemetery site investigations and planning
  • Environmental Impact Assessments and Environmental Management
  • Programmes for prospecting, quarry development and mining
  • Specialist geoscientific contributions for environmental impact assessment processes
  • Advanced structural and microstructural analysis
  • Thermobarometric analysis of metamorphic terranes
  • The provision of authoritative checking and standardisation of all stratigraphic terminology used by the secretariat of the South African Committee for Stratigraphy (SACS)
  • The maintenance of the SACS database, which is used to record and administer the stratigraphic terminology for South African stratigraphy
  • Palaeontological research specialising in: biostratigraphy, sedimentary stratigraphy, the reconstruction of depositional environments, Palaeoichthyology, Permo-Triassic mammal-like reptiles, and Plio-Pleistocene mammals

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