The Mining Indaba commenced on the 6th of February 2017 at the Cape Town International Convention Centre. The Minister of Mineral Resources, His Excellency Mr Mosebenzi Zwane delivered the keynote address where he began by commemorating 150 years since the discovery of alluvial Eureka diamond in the Northern Cape. The twin discovery of diamonds and gold spurred the establishment of modern mining and our economy at large. He furthered went on to express appreciation and gratitude to the organizing committee and participants of the 35th International Geological Congress (35th IGC) for delivering such a successful and memorable Congress. The 35th IGC aided in generating interest on the prospectivity for mineral and upstream petroleum resources in South Africa through the application of new techniques in mapping. The highlight of the Minister Zwane’s address was the announcement of a high intensity, integrated and multidisciplinary 10-year mapping programme at a scale of one in fifty thousand [1:50 000] nationwide. The programme will be a great platform in rebuilding and protecting the rich and unique geological heritage of South Africa. This will also be an incredible opportunity for the various competencies within the CGS to work as a collective in addressing grand challenges in South Africa and moving forward the interest of ordinary South Africans. The management of the CGS and its competencies give full support to this revitalised mapping programme which will for the greater part be aligned to the National Development Plan Vision 2030 and Presidential 9-point plan.