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Minister Zwane announces CGS’ 10 year high intensity mapping programme at the Mining Indaba 2017

The Mining Indaba commenced on the 6th of February 2017 at the Cape Town International Convention Centre. The Minister of Mineral Resources, His Excellency Mr Mosebenzi Zwane delivered the keynote address where he began by commemorating 150 years since the discovery of alluvial Eureka diamond in the Northern Cape. The twin discovery of diamonds and gold spurred the establishment of modern mining and our economy at large. He furthered went on to express appreciation and gratitude to the organizing committee and participants of the 35th International Geological Congress (35th IGC) for delivering such a successful and memorable Congress. The 35th IGC aided in generating interest on the prospectivity for mineral and upstream petroleum resources in South Africa through the application of new techniques in mapping. The highlight of the Minister Zwane’s address was the announcement of a high intensity, integrated and multidisciplinary 10-year mapping programme at a scale of one in fifty thousand [1:50 000] nationwide. The programme will be a great platform in rebuilding and protecting the rich and unique geological heritage of South Africa. This will also be an incredible opportunity for the various competencies within the CGS to work as a collective in addressing grand challenges in South Africa and moving forward the interest of ordinary South Africans. The management of the CGS and its competencies give full support to this revitalised mapping programme which will for the greater part be aligned to the National Development Plan Vision 2030 and Presidential 9-point plan.

 

 

Report on unusual ground fire at Sehlakwane, Sekhukhuneland

by: P.J.A. Bosch, N. Moabi and S. Makubalo

1: Introduction

A report on a possible hazardous underground fire at Sehlakwane (see attachment) was received by the Council for Geoscience on 28 July 2016.

On receiving the details of the report, P. Bosch, N. Moabi and S. Makubalo decided to investigate the occurrence. The immediate thoughts on the details provided were that the area was or is underlain by naturally occurring peat and that it is possible that this peat has dried out due to the prolonged heat and drought. It is therefore possible that the peat may have caught fire. The extension of this possible peatland is not known and it might be that it extends into occupied property within the area. It was decided to investigate the area as soon as possible to determine whether in fact it is peat burning and if it is of concern that it might extend to occupied property. The following preliminary actions were proposed: A trench or trenches should be excavated in the vicinity (with safety as a concern) of the area that is burning to establish the nature of the material that is burning.

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The CGS Field School celebrates 10 years with a bang

The Council for Geoscience Field School celebrated its ten year anniversary with the successful completion of the 2015 field mapping training programme. The growth and transformation of the field school programme over the decade has been significant. Initially, the field school was designed as a two-year programme linked to the Annual Technical Programme targeting mostly recently employed geoscientists. These scientists would spend their time at the Limpopo regional office benefitting educationally from the vast economic mineral deposits of the province (for example gold, platinum and copper) and the highly complex, high-grade tectonometamorphic terrane, the Limpopo Belt. During this time, the field school participants would work on map compilations and the writing of complementary map explanations. This work was undertaken in addition to courses on microscopy, GIS and 4x4 driving, all of which would provide the participants with the vital knowledge and skills needed to ensure a successful start to their careers.

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Organisation of African Geological Surveys handover ceremony

On Sunday, 5 February 2017, the Organisation of African Geological Surveys (OAGS) hosted its Executive Committee handover ceremony. The OAGS consists of 37 active member countries. The Executive Committee is elected to office every three years. The outgoing Executive Committee consisted of the Presidency which was held by Namibia, the first Vice-Presidency which was held by Mozambique and the second Vice-Presidency by Niger. The elected Committee consists of the Presidency held by Nigeria and the regional Vice-Presidency which consists of:

  • Northern Region: Morocco

  • Southern Region: Botswana

  • Eastern Region: Kenya

  • Central Region: Chad

  • Western Region: Senegal

The Council for Geoscience (CGS) South Africa is the permanent Secretariat of the OAGS. The meeting was graced by the South African Minister of Mineral Resources, Mr Mosebenzi Zwane, the Nigerian Minister of Mines and Steel Development, Dr Kayode Fayemi, and the Senegalese Minister of Mines and Energy, Mr Aly Ngouille Ndiaye. In addition, the ceremony was also attended by representatives of the African Union Commission, Mr Frank Dixon Mugyenyi and the head of Raw Materials at the European Commission, Mr Mattia Pellegrini.

The outgoing President of the OAGS, Ms Anna Nguno (Namibia), gave a presentation on the organisation’s performance, challenges and achievements during her tenure. This was followed by a welcoming address by the Minister of Mineral Resources, Mr Mosebenzi Zwane. Minister Zwane highlighted the important role that geoscientific knowledge plays in economic, infrastructure and agricultural development, energy security, medical geology, geohazards and environmental stewardship. He attributed the slow pace of socio-economic development in Africa to its gross undermapping and the limited knowledge of its true potential. Furthermore, Minister Zwane applauded the establishment of the OAGS as it will compel African institutions to shift from prolonged international dependence that has dictated the pace and form of development in the continent. He concluded by asserting that the OAGS is crucial in steering towards complete international independence through advising, influencing and directing decisions of African leaders that will seek to define and captain the development of the continent.

Dr Kayode Fayemi, Minister of Mines and Steel Development (Nigeria) reiterated the pivotal rolethat the OAGS will play in ensuringthatAfrica’s mineral endowments work optimally for the people of Africa. He went further by acknowledging that Africa could have fared better in leveraging its mineral resources to drive sustainable development, and address its pressing socio-economic challenges. He commended the establishment of the OAGS ingenerating, archiving and disseminating geoscience data as the organisation holds the keys to unlocking the entire mining value chain and industrialising Africa. Minister Fayemi asserted Nigeria’s commitment to the OAGS and the African Mining Vision (AMV) and reminded all member states of their collective responsibility to ensure that the OAGS becomes a strong contributor to achieving the desired objectives of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) captured in the AMV. In conclusion, Minister Fayemi thanked the members for the election and assured all that Nigeria will offer purposeful direction and leadership. He also expressed his profound appreciation to Minister Zwane for putting the services of the CGS at the disposal of the secretariat of the OAGS.

Launch of a geological mapping programme in Malawi

The project will produce updated countrywide geological map coverage.

A consortium of three geological survey organizations - BRGM, GTK and CGS - and the State of Malawi are signing an agreement for a countrywide geological mapping and mineral assessment programme.

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Investigating the origin of alluvial diamonds in the North West Province

As part of a countrywide incentive driven by the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) to advance and support mining in South Africa, the Council for Geoscience has proposed several projects to investigate the mineral potential of specific minerals and the general mineral potential of various target areas in an attempt to promote sustainable mining and exploration. In 2015, the CGS launched a number of DMR-funded projects, including an investigation of the mining potential of the alluvial diamond fields in the North West Province using high-resolution geophysical surveys, remote sensing data and field mapping. The project focusses on mapping and associated research to determine the origin, character, transportation, distribution and trapping of diamonds in alluvial gravel. The results from these investigations will empower the Council for Geoscience to provide informed suggestions to the local communities and miners enabling them to perform cost-effective and sustainable mining and to propose exploration methods and targets for future mining.

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Visit by Minister Mosebenzi Zwane to the Council for Geoscience

On Thursday, the 12th of January 2017, the Council for Geoscience (CGS) was honoured by a visit of the Minister of Mineral Resources, Honourable Mr Mosebenzi Zwane (MP), accompanied by the Director-General, Mr David Msiza, and his delegation to the head office in Pretoria. The Acting CEO of the CGS, Mr Mosa Mabuza, welcomed the ministerial delegation and Executive Management in the auditorium and called upon Mr Msiza to introduce the Minister to the CGS employees.

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Acting CEO Mr Mosa Mabuza welcoming everyone in the auditorium

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Director-General, Mr David Msiza introducing the Mininster

In his address to the employees, the Minister acknowledged the role that the CGS plays in the mandate of the Department of Mineral Resources to achieve its goals in transformation, economic growth and investment attraction. He emphasised the work of the CGS as key in the Research and Development initiatives of the country. One of the mandates of the CGS is mapping and he urged the scientists to keep on working hard in returning to the position of being respected in geo-mapping in South Africa and other countries. The Minister further recognised the long service employees who work tirelessly with pride and distinction to achieve the goals of the CGS.

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Minister Mosebenzi Zwane addressing the CGS Staff

During his visit to the CGS, the Honourable Minister and his delegation visited the facilities of the CGS Laboratory. Mr Supi Tlowana, the Laboratory Services Manager, presented an overview of the activities of the Laboratory. The laboratory services are utilised by the scientists to evaluate samples from internal projects and by external customers. The delegation visited the following sections:

Facility: XRF, Chemistry and Mineralogy. During the visit, the Laboratory Services Manager briefly explained to the delegation the technology of instruments such as:

  • The new Wavelength Dispersive XRF spectrometer for elemental analysis in solid samples.
  • Three ICP-MS instruments for ultra-trace liquid sample analysis under clean laboratory conditions.
  • The new ICP-OES for trace liquid sample analysis.
  • The SEM for mineralogy identification.

The X-Ray Diffractometer which is an instrument used for qualitative and semi-quantitative minerals identification.

The Laboratory Services Manager also acknowledged the funding made available towards the laboratory equipment recapitalisation project as it has provided an opportunity to procure instruments and equipment with state of the art technology to improve on quality and replace obsolete instruments.

 

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Furthermore, the Minister visited the CGS seismograph network screens which are situated on the 6th floor of the main building. Ms Michelle Grobbelaar, the microzonation project manager, explained how the screens can display ground movement, registered by the seismograph stations installed both nationally and within neighbouring countries. The monitors can also display the automatically calculated time, location and size of the tremors. She pointed out the mining regions in South Africa where the CGS has installed a denser network of monitoring stations (Klerksdorp, Carletonville and Johannesburg) to be used for further research into mine safety. She concluded by mentioning the various international networks to which the CGS contributes data (AfricaArray, CTBT and IOTWS) and the benefits of these networks to the CGS and the country.

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Ms Michelle Grobbelaar, the microzonation project manager explaining the functions of the monitoring screens.

In conclusion, Minister Mosebenzi Zwane eluded to have a better appreciation of its Stated Owned Entities (SOE) with the alignment of social-economic activities and transformation.

 

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South African Mineral Reporting Codes

SAMCODES


The SAMCODES, the South African Mineral Reporting Codes, set out the minimum standards, recommendations and guidelines for the Public Reporting of mineral related issues in South Africa. They currently comprise three Codes, two Guideline documents and an affiliated National Standard:

a. SAMREC: The South African Code for the Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves
b. SAMVAL: The South African Code for the Reporting of Mineral Asset Valuation
c. SAMOG: The South African Code for the Reporting of Oil and Gas Resources
d. Commodity, or subject, specific guidelines/standards:
i. SAMESG Guideline: The South African Guideline for the Reporting of Environmental, Social and Governance parameters within the mining and oil and gas industries
ii. SAMREC Diamond Guidelines: SAMREC Guideline Document for the Reporting of Diamond Exploration Results, Diamond Resources and Diamond Reserves (and other Gemstones, where Relevant)

uth African Bureau of Standards.

The SAMCODES have wide application throughout the extractive industries. Attracting finance for exploration and mining ventures is a critical part of the resource business environment today, and there are a number of finance options available, including accessing private equity. With the increase in the number of non-listed (private) companies and individuals seeking to obtain financial assistance, it is important to appreciate that issues of public reporting are not confined to listed companies only.
Their use is not limited, however, to investors – financial and legal documents can benefit from internationally standardised principles and terminology such as Mineral Resource, Mineral Reserve, Feasibility Study and Valuation. Also, social, environmental and governance matters (Sustainability Reports) can be issued according to a consistent set of standards.
Interested and affected parties, in whatever shape or form, have a right to the highest standards of documentation and, if they wish, can request that such be prepared by “Competent Persons or Competent Valuators” in accordance with the relevant SAMCODE. In fact, all practitioners providing geoscientific reports are required to be registered with a professional and/or statutory body which requires that anything they produce to be in harmony with SAMCODES principles. Under all circumstances, if Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and/or Mineral Reserves are reported publically (as defined in the SAMREC Code of 2016), and if said report is claimed to have been compiled in accordance with any of the SAMREC, SAMVAL or SAMOG Codes, then the report and the author are subject to the minimum standards and requirements of the relevant Code as well as the complaints procedure of the SAMCODE Standards Committee (SSC).

The 2016 version of the SAMCODES was released in May and are applicable immediately (JSE-listed company documents, however, are only required to be compiled in accordance with the new codes from 1 January, 2017). The Codes can be downloaded freely at www.samcodes.co.za and further information can also be obtained regarding the SAMCODES Standards Committee (SSC), training schedules, complaints procedure as well as other relevant news items and applicable links.

 

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Budget Vote 29: Mineral Resources, National Assembly, Cape Town, 19th April 2016

 

“We are a unique member of the global village, and ready for investment to move South Africa forward”

Address by the Minister of Mineral Resources, Honourable Mosebenzi J. Zwane, on the occasion of the Budget Vote 29: Mineral Resources, National Assembly, Cape Town, 19th April 2016.

Honourable Speaker of the National Assembly, Deputy Minister of Mineral Resources, Cde Godfrey Oliphant, Former Ministers of Mineral Resources, Chairperson and Members of the Portfolio Committee on Mineral Resources, The Chief Whip of the ANC Study Group, iNkosi Mandela, Honourable Members, Distinguished guests, Members of the media, Ladies and gentlemen.

Madam Speaker, we appreciate the opportunity to table before this House the policy statement of the Department of Mineral Resources.

This policy statement will allow us to execute our mission, which is to promote and regulate the mining, minerals and upstream petroleum sectors for transformation, growth and development; and to ensure that all South Africans derive sustainable benefit from the country’s mineral wealth.


Let me also take this opportunity to acknowledge the good work that has been done by my predecessor Cde Ngoako Ramatlhodi and all his predecessors since the dawn of our democratic dispensation. The foundation they laid through enabling instruments for the growth and transformation of the industry have restored the wealth beneath the surface as a national heritage vested to State. 

This foundation has led to gross fixed capital formation in the mining industry increasing from R18 billion in 2004 to R87 billion in 2014. Foreign direct investment in the mining industry grew considerably, from R112 billion in 2004 to R377 billion in 2014. Employment in the mining industry grew from 448 909 in 2004 to 495 592 in 2014.

As we take this baton, we are reminded of the importance of the month of April in the South African calendar, a month which ended almost four centuries of racial segregation and oppression and ushered in this young democracy. We honour all our fallen heroes in the struggle for liberation – from King Sekhukhune to King Bambata; from Ruth First to Victoria Mxenge; from Makanda Nxele to Solomon Mahlangu and Chris Hani – both of whom were killed during the month of April.

Our main priorities in the year ahead are as follows: enhancing regulatory and policy certainty, health and safety, as well as meaningful economic transformation. We remain resolute on these objectives, and today’s engagement provides us with a platform to outline how we will strive to achieve them, while mindful of the challenges posed by the global economy. Given the cyclical nature of the industry, spring will come, and we must develop material conditions for a greater portion of the population to benefit. In this regard, the State of the Nation Address has provided us our marching orders. All the issues pertaining to the Department which were highlighted in the SoNA are receiving our attention.

The Department has been allocated a budget of R1.669 billion in the year under review. The bulk of the Department’s budget is transferred to our entities, who are undertaking important work in the fields of research and development, beneficiation as well as community and enterprise development, to ensure the sustainability of the sector. I will later share some of their initiatives.

Madam Speaker, we will continue to deliver on our mandate to the people of South Africa - to create an enabling environment for inclusive economic growth and for decent work, in line with the Nine Point Plan and the National Development Plan.

To contribute further to the ease of doing business, Government has created a One-Stop-Investment Committee of Ministers.

The Social and Labour Plan (SLP) programme has gained some traction towards community development in both mining towns as well as major labour sending areas. We have enabled the construction of roads, schools, clinics and other critical infrastructure for our people, in areas such as Marikana, Lephalale and Mbizana to mention but a few. The implementation of SLPs continues to make an impact on improving the lives of communities. 120 SLP projects were implemented in the last financial year as a driver of local industry in mining and labour sending areas, and are due to be completed in this financial year. Through these and other initiatives over 7000 jobs will be created over the medium term.

One of our areas of focus in the current cycle of delivery is to substantially boost the community development impact from mining through better implementation of SLPs.

Partnerships between government and mining companies in the implementation of human settlement projects, as part of the Special Presidential Package, are yielding visible results.

In the past three years, 83 mining rights were approved by the Department, with the potential to create an estimated 22 000 jobs. We envisage that as we continue to grant approval for compliant mining projects to take place, we will be able to contribute further to the creation of jobs.

The economic situation has resulted in some companies in the sector, as in other sectors of the economy, announcing their intention to shed jobs. A Declaration was signed by stakeholders in August 2015 to save jobs and ameliorate the impact of job losses. Retrenchments must remain the last option used; after all other measures to save jobs have been explored.

Health and safety is the responsibility of employers, workers and Government alike, and we must therefore continue to adopt a collaborative approach in dealing with this matter. A lot has been done to ensure that the safety of our workers comes first, hence the statistics for the period ending 2015 show the lowest ever fatalities.

A critical factor in ensuring the sustainability of the mining industry is the health and safety of all mineworkers. It is thus regrettable that so early in 2016, a total of 21 fatalities have occurred as a result of mine accidents. A quantum leap in commitment is needed to stem the tide of mine accidents and to make our mines safer and healthier. In this regard, we recently engaged with CEOs in the sector to see how we can ensure a sustainable improvement in matters of health and safety in the remainder of the year. They have reaffirmed their commitment to the goal of zero harm and implement measures to ensure all workers return home unharmed every day.

We are saddened that on the 5th of February 2016, an accident occurred at Lily Mine in Mpumalanga. At the time of this accident there were three employees inside the container who were on duty - Mr Solomon Nyerende, Ms Yvonne Mnisi and Ms Pretty Nkambule. We have given our assurance to the families that we will do everything in our power to support efforts by the mine of ensuring that the container is retrieved.

The Department also continues to be greatly concerned about the health and safety of women workers, including the inhumane treatment they are sometimes subjected to by fellow workers in some of the mines.  All the stakeholders need to ensure that   there are effective interventions implemented at all mines to prevent intimidation and harassment of all mineworkers.

Later this year, we will also be hosting the Mine Health and Safety Tripartite Summit to review the state of health and safety at mines and reflect on the progress made to date in the achievement of milestones from the previous Summit.

We welcome the progress made in processing the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Amendment Bill. The National House of Traditional Leaders has considered its contribution, as a precursor to the processing of the Bill through both the National Council of Provinces and the National Assembly respectively. My Department stands ready to provide all necessary support to enable this House to process the Bill as seamlessly as possible.

The African Exploration, Mining and Finance Corporation (AEMFC) Bill has been concluded and was published in the Government gazette for public comments. The Bill will be presented to Parliament for processing during the course of this year.

Radical economic transformation remains central in the quest to normalise South Africa. Lessons learnt from implementing the Mining Charter are the basis for sharpening tools of implementation. The Mining Charter has been reviewed in order to further strengthen its efficacy. It was published in the Government Gazette for comments last week. Robust engagements with all stakeholders will commence during this consultation period.

Madam Speaker, South Africa has world-class mineral resources with a wealth of such minerals as manganese, Platinum Group Metals and chrome. Our mineral wealth is estimated at R50 trillion, excluding energy commodities and exploration potential. We are working with key stakeholders to develop a plan focused on the development of these minerals in a manner that benefits investors, workers and communities alike.

The current economic downturn has had a negative impact on the beneficiation of diamonds, gold and platinum. We have analysed the decline in diamond production as well as diamond cutting and polishing activities over the years. The cutting and polishing industries have not been performing to our expectations in recent years.

As a remedy to this situation, the State Diamond Trader has entered into a partnership with the Mining Qualification Authority to facilitate business growth and support for 25 youth in training in Italy. These young South Africans commenced with training in Italy in September 2015 and will complete the training in 2017. As part of the initiative, the students will be enrolled in the watchmaker programme in Switzerland to further their learning and exposure in watch-making. The Mining Qualification Authority has also developed a watch-making curriculum which is currently awaiting approval from the South African Qualifications Authority. This will be a ground-breaking programme taught for the first time at South African institutions.

Stability within the mining industry remains imperative to ensure its sustainable growth and competitiveness. The importance of healthy relations between mining companies as well as communities and local government, cannot be overstated. For mining to be sustainable, mutual respect and cooperation are critical. Right-holders must also engage continuously with the relevant communities, for the duration of their right, in order to pre-emptively address issues as they arise. We call upon our communities to also work harmoniously with right-holders.

The Department continues to engage various community structures, where discontent between mining companies and some host communities – often characterised by violence and destruction to property - has become more pronounced. While employment of people living close to the mines remains important, South Africa belongs to all who live in it, and opportunities from mining cannot only be limited to those residing nearer mining operations.  Mineral resources must be used to benefit the country as a whole.

The Department continues to provide support to the implementation of the Framework Agreement for a Sustainable Mining Industry.  As Government we continue to call on stakeholders to respect and implement the Agreement. I am aware that wage negotiations are about to start within the platinum sector and urge stakeholders to draw lessons from previous experience in this regard.

The future of the mining industry is dependent on research and development underpinning its sustainable growth and meaningful transformation. In this regard, Government is coordinating all the research initiatives across the mining value chain to ensure that its impact is optimised.

The Council for Geoscience (CGS) is focused on pre-competitive exploration activities, including high resolution mapping. This will ensure that we continue to attract investment into the sector and the economy broadly.

The Mine Health and Safety Council has commenced with the implementation of the Centre of Excellence (CoE) which has gained momentum and is expected to be fully-functional during 2017. Stakeholders have identified quick-win research projects which seek to address pertinent health and safety issues including developing devices that could assist in locating missing people underground, as well as enhancing dust suppression systems to reduce exposure to dust at mines, amongst others.

We continue partnering and working with all stakeholders in the sector, through the Mining Qualification Authority, to ensure that our skills development programmes target the unemployed youth, women, mineworkers, and people from various communities. The Mining Qualification Authority skills development programmes include artisan training and issuing of bursaries. For instance, 1000 bursaries were issued to learners mainly in the engineering fields.

Furthermore, in enhancing our capacity to evaluate and monitor compliance with health and safety issues at mines, 38 learner inspectors from the Department’s capacity development programme were recently employed after successfully completing a two-year training programme – 42% of these inspectors are women.

We are delighted with the state of South Africa’s petroleum exploration potential with frontier basins both onshore and offshore. This potential includes oil and gas. We have also noted the concerns of some members of the community on the potential impact of shale gas extraction on both the environment and water. We have accordingly taken measures to mitigate the risks inherent in the future.

Madam Speaker, we are a unique member of the global village, and ready for investment to move South Africa forward. South Africa is gearing up to host the International Geological Congress – simply known as the World Cup of earth sciences - from 27th August to 4th September 2016. This is the first time the Congress is being hosted by a member of the African Union, and will take forward objectives of the African Mining Vision. With over 100 years’ experience in the field of geoscience, we are indeed excited to welcome members from over 120 countries and 50 scientific associations.

Madam Speaker, we remain resolute and steadfast as we aim to maximise on delivering on our mandate, as our people expect no less from us. Working together, we are equal to the task and remain committed to effective service delivery.

More than ever before in our country’s history, we share a common destiny of a united, non-racial, non-sexist, mining industry. We can transform it only if we work together.

Let me take this opportunity to thank my organisation, the African National Congress – ANC Lives, ANC Leads.

My sincerest gratitude goes to the President for the opportunity given to me to serve in this capacity, and my Cabinet colleagues for their continuous support. 

I wish to extend my appreciation to those who wake up every morning to serve the people of South Africa - to the former Director-General Dr Thibedi Ramontja, and the acting Director-General Mr David Msiza, and all the staff of the Department of Mineral Resources; the Chairpersons and CEOs of our entities, as well as all those in Government who continue to support us. We wish to thank all those who continue to criticise us objectively, in an effort to develop the mining sector sustainably.

I would like to thank the staff in my office, my chief of staff as well as my advisors.

Most importantly, I would like to say thank you to my mother and my family for their unwavering support and prayers.

As I conclude, I would like to thank you all for your attention. The Department is honoured to be working with you in moving this industry, and indeed South Africa, forward.

Let me table the Budget for Vote 29 for the 2016/17 before this House and urge members to please support it.

I thank you. 

Statement on Thyspunt Seismic Hazard Assesment - A Council for Geoscience perspective

9 December 2016

The Council for Geoscience (CGS) is the custodian of South Africa's geoscience data. According to the Geoscience Act (Act 100 of 1993), the CGS is mandated to collect and curate all geoscience data and knowledge in the South African National Geoscience Repository, promote research and the extension of knowledge in the field of geoscience and render specialized geoscientific services to enable informed and scientifically sound decisions on the use of the earth’s surface and resources within the territory of South Africa.

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